Citing references

Book shelfWhy cite and reference?

Pears and Shield (2010 p. 1) state:

“When writing a piece of work, whether an essay, seminar paper, dissertation, project or article, it is essential that detailed and precise information on all sources consulted is included in your text and in the reference list at the end of your work. This allows the reader to located the information used and to check, if necessary, the evidence on which your discussion or argument is based. References should, therefore, enable the user to find the source documents as quickly and easily as possible. You need to identify these documents by citing them in the text of your assignment (called citation or in-text citations) and referencing then at the end of your assignments (called the reference list or end-text citations). The reference list only includes sources cited in the text of your assignment as in-text citations. It is not the same thing as a bibliography, which used the same format or reference system as a reference list, but also included all material used the preparation of your work.”.

Reference:  opens in a new windowPears, R. and Shields, G. (2010) Cite Them Right. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan

Reference Style Advice

You can find handouts, videos, and exercises to practice your referencing skills on the Information Skills Moodle page.

Referencing guide on the University of Essex Library website.

And here’s some guidance when citing and referencing the works of Freud.

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